It is hard to diagnose dyslexia before the child goes to school; however, many of thedyslexic children have long-term difficulties cumulating before Kindergarten.
- Preschool:children with these symptoms have more risks to have dyslexia compared to their peers. Some of the symptoms are: speech delay, learning new words slowly, finding difficulty in rhyming words as in nursery rhymes, and delay establishing a dominant way.
- Primary School: the following signs are more relevant at this stage: difficulty learning the alphabet, difficulty linking between the letters and their sounds, difficulty determining or reproducing rhyming words or counting syllables (phonological awareness), difficulty dividing words to single sounds or mixing sounds to make words (phonemes awareness), difficulty recalling a certain word or naming problems, and difficulty decoding words. In addition to, confusing between before and after, right and left, above and under. Moreover, difficulty distinguishing similar sounds in words, confusing sounds in multisyllabic words (auditory distinction), for example: “aminal” for “animal” / “pasghetti” for “spaghetti” which is known as reversing the letters which means putting a letter in the place of another; “Ramadan”, but the child pronounces it “Maradan”.
- Secondary School: the following signs might occur: slow or inaccurate reading, very poor spelling, difficulty linking individual words and their right meanings, difficulty respecting time and acquiring time concept, and difficulty with organization skills fearing inappropriate talking; some children become introvert, shy or fear the inability of understand social signs in their environment. In addition, difficulty understanding simple instructions, difficulty following more than one instruction at a time or not remembering the sequencing, confusing letters b and d or p and q, reversing words such as “was” and “saw” and it is very common with dyslexic children, these signs are also common among children of 6 years or younger and not having dyslexia, yet with dyslexia, these signs continue.
In the end, I can only wish all our students the best of luck to be in the hands ofqualified educators; to take care of them and grow their abilities, bypassing all the problems and difficulties they may face.